Research Ethics

Research ethics means securing of objectivity and accuracy in the research execution and the conclusion of the results without unintentional errors resulting from negligence or incorrect knowledge, etc. and intentional misconduct including counterfeit ⋅ falsification ⋅ plagiarism, etc. Research ethics means accurately and precisely recording all ideas, research methods, data, and conditions discovered and deducted in the research progress and faithfully keeping them for a given period in order to verify research integrity.

Research Misconduct?

  • Counterfeiting acts by producing data or research results, etc. that are nonexistent.
  • Falsifying acts by distorting research contents or results in intentionally manipulating research materials ⋅ equipments ⋅ process, etc. and arbitrarily transforming ⋅ deleting data.
  • Plagiarizing act by plagiarizing other's ideas, research contents ⋅ results, etc. without proper approval or citation.
  • Not providing qualifications to the person/persons who have made scientific ⋅ technological contributions to the research contents or resultsas the authors of the paper without proper reason, or giving improper qualifications to the authors who have not made scientific ⋅ technological contributions as the authors of the paper for reasons such as an expression of appreciation or respect, etc.
  • Publishing of the same paper on more than two academic journals.
  • Intentionally interfering with investigation on the suspicion of one's or other's misconduct.
  • Breaking bounds seriously from regularly permitted standards in the academia.
  • Misconduct judged to be requiring the committee's investigation or prevention.

Citations and References

  • The author must play close attention to the accuracy in indicating sources and making a bibliography. The author must check all of the factors of citation(name of author, book number/number of the academic journal, page number, year of publication, etc.) within the original paper firsthand and must not depend on secondary sources. (If necessary, the author can make citation by indicating re-citation.)
  • In principle, the author must cite published works. In cases of using sources from evaluation/evaluations of paper/papers or research proposal/proposals from unpublished academic source/sources or using sources from private contact from unpublished academic source/sources, citations must be made by obtaining approval from the author of such source/sources.
  • The author must include all of the published works in the bibliography if they have made considerable effects in the decision of the direction of the research or are important in helping the readers understand the contents of the research, except when they can be recognized theoretically or empirically by the author of such works.

Responsibilities and Duties of the Editors

  • An editor must avoid personal prejudice in the evaluation of the paper. If there is/are a relationship/relationships conflicting interests, including a personal one/ones, it/they must be informed to the editing committee.
  • An editor must make fair evaluations based on objective standards, apart from one's own academic convictions, in the evaluation of the paper. A paper must not be disqualified due to conflict with the editor's views or interpretations.
  • An editor must comply with the maintenance of the confidentiality clause on the publication guidelines.
  • An editor must not reveal the paper to others or discuss its contents with others, except in the case of seeking counsel on the papers' evaluation.
  • The contents of the paper must not be cited before the publication of the academic journal/journals with the paper inserted.
  • An editor must abide by research ethics and not make misconducts.